Social cohesion relates to people and their relations within the urban system.

The area of social cohesion has gained a reputation in recent years due to the need for reforms in urban systems, fueled by urban planners and sustainable strategies. The purpose of encouraging social cohesion within the urban framework is so that equal opportunities can be granted to all citizens, regardless of their social status or condition.


In an urban context, social cohesion refers to the degree of diversity and interaction between people of different ages, cultures and incomes living in the city. These concepts are highly related to urban compactness and complexity. BCNecología uses a participative approach in all areas of social urban analysis, from the public space to the private space; the agency seeks to ensure all citizens’ basic needs will be met, and that everyone will receive equal opportunities.

The mix of cultures, ages, incomes, and professions has a stabilizing effect on the urban system, as it represents a balance between the different actors of the city. The diversity analysis shows us who occupies the space, as well as the probability of exchanges and relationships within the city. Moreover, the social segregation that occurs in certain areas of cities creates instability problems such as insecurity and marginalization.

Successful planning will allow the public space to be occupied by people of different status, facilitating a variety of social circumstances living in close proximity, and the establishment of interactions between them. Therefore, this will help reduce conflict among citizens, and will improve the stability and maturity of the system.

In order to avoid the exclusion of any social groups, urban systems must work toward a society of inclusion. First, it is important to ensure the proximity between facilities and housing remains close for all citizens, regardless of social standing, and that accessibility for people with reduced mobility is available. Second, the mixture of different housing types for different social groups should be located in the same, central areas close to transportation, facilities, and places of employment. Lastly, the integration of marginalized neighbourhoods that are well connected and have a strategic location in attractive areas is important. Social cohesion is essential to ensure the basic needs of each citizen are met with regards to housing, jobs, education, culture, and more.


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