ORTHOGONAL BUS NETWORK
The proposal of a new bus system is based on the orthogonal bus network, revealed as the most efficient framework for above-ground urban public transportation. This network covers all parts of the municipality equally, ensuring regional uniformity. It improves connectivity between transportation modes and increases accessibility for all users.
The new organization of public transportation is not only more functional, but also more "readable". This is because it is structured similarly to the metro, with clear transfer points, and turns easily into an understandable network. In addition, the vast majority of destinations are reached without having to transfer buses, simplifying the use of the network and avoiding the current need to know each line individually.
Other features of the orthogonal network include increased efficiency and segregated lanes designed specifically for buses. These separate lanes will reduce the friction between bus transportation, private vehicles, and bicycles. The buses will be faster than they are now, and even faster than private vehicles at peak times.
The orthogonal network also encourages intermodality with other networks of transport (tram, metro, bicycle rentals, etc.). By strategically placing stops at connection points, this will facilitate the usability between lines, decrease traffic, and increase accessibility.
This model was successfully implemented in the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz in October of 2009. It modified the city’s above-ground public transport from a radial network to an orthogonal one. Combined with the introduction of the tram in 2008, the amount of passengers using public transportation rose to 43% in 2010. The change to the orthogonal bus network was part of the Mobility and Public Space plan which received large amounts of public attention and enabled Vitoria-Gasteiz to be recognized as the European Green Capital of 2012.
BCNecologia originally designed this proposal in 2004 for increased mobility in the City of Barcelona. The proposal applied the orthogonal bus network to the configuration of Superblocks.
ORTHOGONAL BUS NETWORK
<<This proposal is based on an orthogonal bus network system that reduces private traffic and contributes to urban sustainability. It forms a network of horizontal and vertical lines, equally spaced out in a grid structure, for all parts of the municipality. This mode improves the connectivity between bus lines and increases accessibility for all users. >>
Vitoria Gasteiz (País Vasco) and Barcelona (Cataluña).