In an urban context, social cohesion refers to the degree of diversity and interaction between people of different ages, cultures and incomes living in the city. Social cohesion indicators determine the extent of diversity, and help urban planners determine how to integrate diversity into the model of the socially cohesive city:

A7. Social cohesion

Social cohesion is closely related to the concepts of diversity and multiculturalism, and is highly representative of urban compactness and complexity. The diverse mixture of people represents a balance between the different actors of the city and is therefore an essential component of the sustainable urban system.

Subsidized housing will be located in locations that are easily accessible to facilities, parks and public transportation networks. A uniform distribution of cultures and income levels foster relationships among diverse groups that are essential to a thriving, sustainable city.

Another fundamental aspect of social cohesion is the allocation of public facilities, that they be evenly distributed and culturally sensitive. Public facilities must be accessible to all citizens and properly maintained, in order to improve urban livability.


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