The study of the urban system through compactness provides insight into the complex city. The indicators for compactness and functionality specify how concentrated city elements are, and to what degree of efficiency their design is, for example public transportation, housing facilities, services etc. The indicators measure how compact and functional an area is in relation to the model of the compact city using the following areas:

A1. Land use (Occupation of the Soil)

Land that is covered during the construction of infrastructure creates an unnatural environment which in turn exerts various amounts of pressure on the landscape. If you understand the built environment as an agent that exerts pressure on the land and pedestrian-oriented spaces, then it is essential to mitigate these unnatural pressures by ensuring development remains condensed, and becomes more compact.

A2. Public space and habitability

One of the main challenges of Ecosystemic Urbanism for BCNecologia is the transformation of public space into a more habitable, welcoming space. Today, the majority of the public space is limited by the functions associated with the private vehicle. This reality creates a public space that is inflexible, has poor value, and presents a restricted quality of life for all citizens.

A3. Mobility and services

Solutions to the problems of urban mobility are introduced using new, more sustainable transportation methods. New modes of transportation will be promoted and enhanced, and will be accompanied by restrictions on private car use. Moreover, the implementation of new roads for motorized transportation separate from citizen-orientated roads will enable mobility and services to become more compact and functional.


<<The urban sustainability indicators for compactness and functionality are structured around land use, public space and habitability, as well as mobility and services. >>